Banda Singh Bahadur (1670-1716) (Lachhman Das) was born in a Minhas Rajput family. He is considered one of the greatest and most hallowed warriors and martyrs of the Sikhs. He becomes a Sikh warrior known for his struggle against the Mughal Empire in the early eighteenth century after meeting with Sri Guru Gobind Singh. He became a warrior against the Mughal Empire and Guru Gobind Singh gave him the new name of Banda Singh Bahadur.
Famous for the sack of the Mughal provincial capital, Sirhind, he is revered as one of the most hallowed martyrs of the Khalsa. His confrontation with the Mughal administration in Northern India, though brief, was strong enough to shake its foundations. The agrarian uprising that he led in the Punjab was the foundation on which the Dal Khalsa, the Sikh Misls and Maharaja Ranjit Singh built the edifice which finally culminated with Ranjit Singh capturing Lahore in 1799 and establishing the Sikh Kingdom of the Punjab.
One of the most revolutionary acts of Banda Bahadur, after establishing his authority in Punjab, was the abolition of the zamindari system, and granting proprietary rights to the actual tillers of the land. Life of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur by Ganda Singh provides an authentic record of life and times of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and is based on contemporary and original records.
SIGNIFICANCE OF HIS PERIOD
- Baba Banda Singh Bahadur was the first Singh King who established Sikh rule in a large part of Punjab.
- He minted coins in the names of Guru Nanak Dev ji and Guru Gobind Singh ji and issued orders under his seal.
- The name of Mukhlisgarh was changed to Lohgarh (Fort of Steel), and it became the capital of the first Sikh state.
- Banda Singh Bahadur abolished the zamindari system in Punjab