UK households produced 30.5 million tonnes of waste in 2003/04, of which 17% was collected for recycling. (source: defra.gov.uk) This figure is still quite low compared to some of our neighbouring EU countries, some recycling over 50% for their waste. There is still a great deal of waste which could be recycled that ends up in landfill sites which is harmful to the environment. Recycling is an excellent way of saving energy and conserving the environment. Did you know?
- 1 recycled tin can would save enough energy to power a television for 3 hours.
- 1 recycled glass bottle would save enough energy to power a computer for 25 minutes.
- 1 recycled plastic bottle would save enough energy to power a 60-watt light bulb for 3 hours.
- 70% less energy is required to recycle paper compared with making it from raw materials.
- Up to 60% of the rubbish that ends up in the dustbin could be recycled.
- The unreleased energy contained in the average dustbin each year could power a television for 5,000 hours.
- The largest lake in the Britain could be filled with rubbish from the UK in 8 months.
- On average, 16% of the money you spend on a product pays for the packaging, which ultimately ends up as rubbish.
- As much as 50% of waste in the average dustbin could be composted.
- Up to 80% of a vehicle can be recycled.
- 9 out of 10 people would recycle more if it were made easier.
- 24 million tonnes of aluminium is produced annually, 51,000 tonnes of which ends up as packaging in the UK.
- If all cans in the UK were recycled, we would need 14 million fewer dustbins.
- £36,000,000 worth of aluminium is thrown away each year.
- Aluminium cans can be recycled and ready to use in just 6 weeks.
- Each UK family uses an average of 500 glass bottles and jars annually.
- The largest glass furnace produces over 1 million glass bottles and jars per day.
- Glass is 100% recyclable and can be used again and again.
- Glass that is thrown away and ends up in landfills will never decompose.
- Recycled paper produces 73% less air pollution than if it was made from raw materials.
- 12.5 million tonnes of paper and cardboard are used annually in the UK.
- The average person in the UK gets through 38kg of newspapers per year.
- It takes 24 trees to make 1 ton of newspaper.
- 275,000 tonnes of plastic are used each year in the UK, that’s about 15 million bottles per day.
- Most families throw away about 40kg of plastic per year, which could otherwise be recycled.
- The use of plastic in Western Europe is growing about 4% each year.
- Plastic can take up to 500 years to decompose.
- Asbestos is a building insulation material used before the 1970’s.
- There are 3 types – white, blue and brown.
- Removal of asbestos can disturb the fibres of which it is made; these fibres can be harmful if they are breathed in.
- Use a facemask and gloves when handling asbestos.
- Keep asbestos damp and contained in a plastic bag when transporting, this will reduce airborne fibres.
- Some skip companies will safely remove asbestos.
- Some council will accept asbestos at their household waste recycling centres.
- Contact your local council for further advice on the removal of asbestos.
- All waste batteries are classified as hazardous waste and recycling is always the best option.
- Ordinary household batteries do contain some hazardous chemicals so ideally should not be thrown out with the day to day rubbish.
- Rechargeable batteries contain harmful metals, so should never be thrown away with daily rubbish, they should be returned to manufacturer for disposal or recycled elsewhere.
- Local councils or garages sometimes offer battery-recycling services.
- Contact your local council to see if they are running a battery collection scheme.
- Contact the battery manufacturer for further recycling advice.
- Ordinary batteries require a lot of energy to make, so in order to save energy, use rechargeable batteries and electricity mains instead of ordinary batteries.
- Rechargeable batteries are the most environmentally friendly option as can last for up to several hundred charging cycles resulting in less waste being produced.
- Buildings are made from many materials, many of which are recyclable such as metal, wood, glass, etc. Recycle these materials accordingly.
- Architectural salvage yards may take some items for reselling.
- Many building materials can be reused, such as bricks and wood.
Needles and Syringes
- Clinical waste such as nappies, sanitary waste and medical supplies have the potential to be infectious so must be disposed of using special methods.
- Be very careful when disposing of needles and syringes.
- Look for doctors or manufacturer instructions of how to dispose of medical waste on the packaging containers.
- Medicine containers can be recycled accordingly once it is empty.
- Contact your local council to see if they offer free medical waste collection.
- Some companies are currently implementing clinical waste treatment schemes.
Composting is an excellent way to recycle kitchen and garden waste. It is very easy to build your own compost bin and use the compost to help your garden grow.